Liposuction is a cosmetic procedure used to remove unwanted body fat. It involves sucking out small areas of fat that are hard to lose through exercise and a healthy diet, according to UK’s National Health Service. It is carried out on areas of the body where deposits of fat tend to collect, such as the buttocks, hips, thighs and tummy. As many people who get the treatment done complain about side effects, here are some common ones you must consider before taking the plunge into the treatment.
The Liposuction Operation is Done In The Following Ways :
Before the liposuction operation
Before the operation, patients will need to undergo some health tests to ensure they are fit for surgery.
The following recommendations may be made.
A .People who use regular aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs should stop taking them at least 2 weeks before surgery.
B. Women may be asked to stop taking the contraceptive pill.
C. Patients with anemia may be asked to take iron supplements.
The individual will need to sign a consent form. This confirms that they are fully aware of the risks, benefits, and possible alternatives to the procedure
During the liposuction operation
Patients may receive a general anesthetic before the procedure, which can last for 1 to 4 hours.
An epidural may be used for treatments on the lower body. In this case, the anesthetic is injected into the epidural space surrounding the dura, or fluid-filled sac, around the spine. This partially numbs the abdomen and legs.
A local anesthetic might be used when liposuction is done on very small areas.
If the patient requires only local anesthesia, they might be asked to stand up during the procedure to ensure proper fat removal.
There are a number of liposuction techniques.
A. Tumescent liposuction:
Several liters of a saline solution with a local anesthetic (lidocaine) and a vessel-constrictor (epinephrine) are pumped below the skin in the area that is to be suctioned. The fat is suctioned, or sucked out, through small suction tubes. This is the most popular form of liposuction.
B. Dry liposuction:
No fluid is injected before the fat is removed. This method is seldom used today. There is a higher risk of bruising and bleeding. To know more information about Liposuction check Kotra
C. Ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL):
Also known as ultrasonic liposuction, the cannula is energized with ultrasound. This makes the fat melt away on contact. The ultrasound vibrations burst the walls of the fat cells. This emulsifies, or liquified, the fat, making it easier to suction out. This method is suitable for fibrous areas, such as the male breast, back, and in areas where liposuction has been done before.
After ultrasonic liposuction, suction-assisted liposuction is done to remove the liquefied fat.
D. Power-assisted liposuction (PAS):
Also known as powered liposuction, PAS uses a specialized cannula with a mechanized system that rapidly moves back-and-forth, allowing the surgeon to pull out fat more easily.
E. Laser Assisted Lipolysis (LAL):
Also known as laser-guided lipo, this procedure requires the use of tumescent fluid. It is a less invasive and bloody procedure than the traditional liposuction method for removing fat.A small tube is inserted through a small incision to deliver laser energy and heat into the fat that is under the skin.
After the operation, the surgeon may leave the incisions open so that excess fluid and blood can drain from the body.
After the liposuction operation
Those who have a general anesthetic usually spend the night in hospital. Those who had a local anesthetic may be able to leave hospital on the same day.
B. Support bandages:
Either an elasticated support corset or bandages will be fitted for the targeted area.
These may be given immediately after the operation.
Analgesics can help relieve pain and inflammation.
The surgeon will remove the stitches in a follow-up appointment.
Significant bruising may occur in the targeted area.
There may be numbness in the area where fat was removed. This should improve in 6 to 8 weeks.
Results of liposuction operation
The results of liposuction will not be clear until the inflammation goes down. In some cases, this may take several months. Most of the swelling settles after about 4 weeks, and the area where fat was removed should appear less bulky.
People who maintain their weight can usually expect permanent results. Those who gain weight after the procedure may find that their fat distribution alters. Those who previously had fat accumulating in their hips might find that their buttocks become the new problem area.
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